Aunque Uganda no posee salida al mar, tiene acceso a varios cuerpos de agua, incluyendo el Lago Victoria, Lago Alberto, Lago Kyoga y Lago Eduardo. El país se localiza al Este de África, sobre una meseta, con un promedio de 900 m sobre el nivel del mar. Aunque el clima es tropical, hay diferencias entre las distintas regiones del país. Uganda posee varias islas en el Lago Victoria. Las ciudades más importantes del país se encuentran en el sur, incluyendo la capital Kampala y la ciudad de Entebbe. [Geografía de Uganda]
The country is located on the East African plateau, averaging about 1,100 metres (3,609 ft) above sea level, and this slopes very steadily downwards to the Sudanese Plain to the north. However, much of the south is poorly drained, while the centre is dominated by Lake Kyoga, which is also surrounded by extensive marshy areas. Uganda lies almost completely within the Nile basin. The Victoria Nile drains from the lake into Lake Kyoga and thence into Lake Albert on the Congolese border. It then runs northwards into Sudan. One small area on the eastern edge of Uganda is drained by the Turkwel river, part of the internal drainage basin of Lake Turkana.
Lake Kyoga serves as a rough boundary between Bantu speakers in the south and Nilotic and Central Sudanic language speakers in the north. Despite the division between north and south in political affairs, this linguistic boundary actually runs roughly from northwest to southeast, near the course of the Nile. However, many Ugandans live among people who speak different languages, especially in rural areas. Some sources describe regional variation in terms of physical characteristics, clothing, bodily adornment, and mannerisms, but others claim that those differences are disappearing.
Although generally equatorial, the climate is not uniform as the altitude modifies the climate. Southern Uganda is wetter with rain generally spread throughout the year. At Entebbe on the northern shore of Lake Victoria, most rain falls from March to June and the November/December period. Further to the north a dry season gradually emerges; at Gulu about 120 km from the Sudanese border, November to February is much drier than the rest of the year.
The northeastern Karamoja region has the driest climate and is prone to droughts in some years. Rwenzori in the southwest on the border with Congo (DRC) receives heavy rain all year round. The south of the country is heavily influenced by one of the world’s biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands. It prevents temperatures from varying significantly and increases cloudiness and rainfall. Most important cities are located in the south, near Lake Victoria, including the capital Kampala and the nearby city of Entebbe.
La República de Uganda es un país enclavado en África Central, en el corazón de la región de los grandes lagos. Este país, conocido por el reino sangriento de Idi Amin Dada, se repone progresivamente de sus sobresaltos políticos convirtiéndose en uno de los Estados más prósperos de África. Uganda posee montañas magníficas, lagos majestuosos, cataratas impresionantes y una destacada fauna. Ventajas importantes que presagian un desarrollo turístico de gran envergadura. Las infraestructuras de alojamiento son escasas pero correctas. El país, salvo la región del norte, es bastante seguro y resulta atractivo atravesarlo. A pesar de la reputación manchada por la historia, los ugandeses son simpáticos y amables con los turistas.